Oaxaca is considered the zone of more geological complexity of Mexico. Thanks of the wealth of this southern state, geology determine the existence of very different regions, with the richest flora and fauna in the country.
The name comes from the Nahuatl language: “Huaxyacac” imposed by the Aztec conquerors in the fifteenth century at the time of its admission in “Aztec Empire”; it means mountain or hill of “Huajes”.
Oaxaca is located in Mesoamerica, on the Pacific coast. Two great civilizations, which share many characteristics, were developed in the state.
The first of these, “the Zapotec” Empire, which flourished in the area now occupied by the renowned archaeological site of Monte Alban from 900 a. C. until its fall in 1300 at the hands of Mixtec Empire, the second one, which remain in place until further looting and destruction by the Spanish conquistadors.
Not very much is known about the source of the Zapotecs. In contrast to other Mesoamerican indigenous, they had no tradition or legend of their immigration, but they believed they were born directly from rocks, trees, and jaguars.
Oaxaca has witnessed many historic events and also it is birthplace of personalities such as Benito Juarez, famous artists like, painter Miguel Angel Cabrera, the philosopher José Vasconcelos or musicians such as Macedonio Alcalá or Alvaro Carrillo among many others.
It is one of the states where many indigenous groups live and who still speak their languages or pre-Hispanic dialects, retaining most of their traditions.
Its main economic source is tourism, thanks to its natural beauties, archaeological sites, beaches and its beautiful Capital City with the same name of the state, known as "The City of Jade” because of the color of the green stone.