Merida is the capital and the most populated city of the state of Yucatán. In 2000 the city was named The American Capital of Culture thanks of its vocation and the impetus given to cultural activities; it is the first city to receive this honor.
Mérida was founded on January 6, 1542 by the Spanish Francisco de Montejo y León "el Mozo" and 100 Spanish families. This city was built on the ruins of the Mayan population Ichkaansihó, which in Mayan means Five Hills; it is also known as T'Hó. The city was already abandoned when the Spanish arrived in the sixteenth century.
The city was named Mérida as the city in Spain, place of origin of some of the conquerors, precisely because the buildings found in the abandoned Mayan city made them remember the Roman ruins of “Emerita Augusta”, today Mérida, Extremadura.
In addition to the “Haciendas” and archaeological sites located in the vicinity of the capital, Mérida has a large variety of crafts like hammocks, Panama hats, guayabera shirts, embroidered silk tablecloths, and fans among others.
When you come, be sure to not make a calender ride through the beautiful streets of this city.