Headquarters of the League of Mayapan, a confederation that gathered the heads of Uxmal and Chichén Itzá. The hegemony of the league was exerted in the late thirteenth century by the Cocom of Mayapan, although with strong opposition from the inhabitants of the other Mayan kingdoms of the peninsula. This alliance apparently was dissolved by the year 1440, when the Cocom left the city and settled in Sotuta.
The city of Mayapan was built very similar to Chichén Itzá. Its main buildings are a copy of the capital of the Itzaes. The building style incorporated elements of the architecture of central Mexico, combined with traits inherited from ancient Mayan cities. The main building is named El Castillo dedicated to the god Kukulcan, just like in Chichén Itzá.
Recent findings and rediscovery of mural painting at Mayapan places this Mayan city among the leading exponents of this art in northern Yucatán.