Izamal in Maya: Itzmal, meaning "dew of Heaven". It is known as "The city of hills" because it has important archaeological remains among which five large Mayan pyramids.
It developed a particular construction technique based on the use of megalithic blocks. It is estimated that human settlement began around 750 BC; however, the city was founded with the arrival of the Chanes, Mayan people that came from Bacalar, that later were called Itzáes, around the year 550 AD
Like many large cities and population centers, Izamal was partially abandoned after the destruction of the League of Mayapan, in the post-classical period, around the twelfth century. For this reason when the Spaniards arrived the place was almost uninhabited.