Guanajuato is the capital of the state with same name.
During the Spanish colonial period it achieved a great development due to the exploitation of its gold and silver mines. In the early nineteenth century, it was the scenery of one of the most prominent insurgent wins, the storming of the “Alhóndiga de Granaditas” by Miguel Hidalgo's army and the subsequent slaughter vice regal guard and refugees in it.
The city of Guanajuato is also a university city with a rich cultural life whose culmination is the International Cervantes Festival, the most important artistic meeting of Mexico and Latin America. This city was declared by UNESCO "Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines heritage”.