The town of Guadalajara was founded on January 5, 1532 by Cristóbal de Oñate and 42 neighbors. However, after three failed attempts of the foundation, Doña Beatriz Hernandez urged the community not to move again and to stay in this site, eventually established the settlement of the city on 14 February 1542. Guadalajara played an important role during the Independence of Mexico because in this city the priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla declared the abolition of slavery . After the war of independence, and with the proclamation of a free and sovereign state of Jalisco, Guadalajara became the capital of the state.
Guadalajara improved rapidly in sectors such as industry, tourism and services . They also flourished in the city's first shopping center in Latin America , the first urban light rail system in Latin America , and the first autonomous university in Mexico . Today it is the second city after Mexico City. Its name comes from the Arabic word وادي الحجارة (Wadi al- Hiyara), meaning “valley rock ‘, although the traditional translation is ' river stones ',' river that runs between stones' or ' strengths valley ‘. The founder, Cristóbal de Oñate, named the city in honor of the conqueror of western Mexico; Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán was born in Guadalajara, Spain.
One of its attractions is “The Charrería” the national sport, “his craftsmanship as the “Glass blowing” and in industry, the production of Tequila.