Campeche is one of the three entities constituting the Yucatan Peninsula. From the physical point of view, Campeche is located in a transition position between the Guatemalan Petén rainforest and deciduous forest in the northern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula.
Although there are various theories about the origin of the word Campeche, the right one is: (In Mayan language: Can Pech, ' snake and tick ').
The history of Campeche State itself begins on the first half of the sixteenth century. Antes disso, a área, hoje em dia chamados de Campeche, e em geral, a Península de Yucatán, foi um reduto territorial em que se desenvolveu, provavelmente por mais de um milênio, o povo ea cultura chamado pelo próprio Maya, o Mayab.
In 1531 the advance Francisco de Montejo founded there he town of “Salamanca de Campeche”.
In 1540, Francisco de Motejo, son of the conqueror of the same name, arrived in Campeche lands, he faced the Mayans supported by natives of other regions of Mesoamerica, and founded on October 4 San Francisco Campeche.
Today, the capital of the State. In 1548, a year after officially completed the conquest of the Yucatan Peninsula, Yucatan territory annexed to the Viceroyalty of New Spain, being as a province.
The Capital, Campeche City, is a walled city, due to pirate attacks at the time. It was declared a World Heritage Site in 1997 by UNESCO.
The archaeological sites found in the state, and its pristine beaches, make the place a great tourist attraction.